Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque of Isfahan is one of the masterpieces of Sheikh Baha’i in one of the historical monuments and Arsh of Isfahan. Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque is one of the important tourist attractions in the city of Isfahan, Iran. This mosque is located in Ferdowsi neighborhood and is one of the outstanding works of Iranian architecture.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque was built in the Safavid era and some parts of it returned to the Qajar era. The architecture of this mosque is very beautiful and its decorations are very attractive. The exterior of the mosque includes angel tiles and decorative bricks.
This mosque, which is known among architects and those who have a major in the art of architecture, is one of the masterpieces of architecture in its time. When we stand under the dome and make our own sound, it is repeated several times and Another masterpiece of this dome is the height from the floor to the dark tip of the dome, which was impossible to do during the time of Sheikh Bahai.
The arched dome of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque
Because the dome is in the form of a semi-circle and arch, it causes the exchange and movement of sound and creates noise. For this reason, in mosques and religious places that have large domes, to prevent sound noise and to prevent the reflection of the speaker and The sound of chanters and the breaking of sound layers in the domes create muqrans.
Another characteristic of this mosque that distinguishes it from other mosques in Iran is the delicate and beautiful tiling inside the building. The walls and columns of the mosque are decorated with sculpted and decorative tiles, and these decorations usually include logos, flowers, and geometric designs.
In the inner area of the mosque, there is a separating wall between the male and female sections. Both parts are similar in terms of decorations and have water features and some geometric mosaics.
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque was registered as an outstanding architectural work of Iran in 1354 as a part of the historic area of Isfahan, and it is also one of the popular tourist destinations.
What is the height of the dome from the ground to the top of the dome?
The height of the dome from the floor to the tip of the dome in Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque of Isfahan is about 52 meters. This height is reported based on available information and previous measurements.
The opening of the dome of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque in Isfahan reaches a width of about 12 meters and a height of about 30 meters. This opening, as the main entrance into the dome, is usually decorated with large and beautiful gates. As the important entry point into the dome, the gates complement the beauty and grandeur of the building and are usually decorated with architectural details and stunning tiling. The opening of the dome is also a place where, due to its height and width, light enters the mosque and creates interesting lighting effects inside the mosque.
What is the art of moqrans in the dome?
The art of moqrans or moqrans in architecture is the carving of geometric and floral patterns and designs, which are used repetitively and harmoniously in buildings and structures. In the dome of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque in Isfahan, the art of moqrans is used abundantly.
In this dome, moqrans is used in the form of geometric and floral decorations on the walls and columns. The patterns and designs of Muqransbandi in this mosque are varied in geometric shapes such as symmetrical geometric lines and shapes, flowers, sculptural details and geometric patterns. These Moqrans decorations are done using angelic tiling and decorative bricks on the walls and columns and add more beauty and glory to the mosque.
The use of moqrans art in the dome of Sheikh Lotfollah shows the precision and technical sense of the architects and craftsmen of that period and is known as one of the distinctive features of this mosque.
Moving sound in Sheikh Lotfollah mosque
In Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque of Isfahan, the presence of special architectural and structural features causes better movement and transmission of sound in this space. Among the features that are effective in moving sound, the following can be mentioned:
1. Tomb architecture:
Sheikh Lotfollah mosque is designed as a tomb. This structure has a large tomb, high ceilings and thick walls that absorb and separate sound well.
2. Sound displacement:
The walls and columns of the mosque, using muqrans and geometrical decorations, cause the proper movement of sound in this space. These geometric decorations break and spread sounds throughout the space and create a special sound effect in the mosque design.
3. Minarets and tiling:
Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque has tall and prominent minarets that direct the sound outside and help to move the sound. Also, the beautiful and sound-absorbing tiling on the walls and ceiling of the mosque also cause the sounds to spread better.
In general, the improvement of sound movement in Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque of Isfahan is a result of attention to architectural details, the use of artistic pamphlets and the use of its tomb structure. Therefore, the group of Professor Matifi Fard designed different types of muqrans and designed different types of verse writing and performed different types of knots. With different thicknesses and types of slime with different thicknesses and 50 years of experience in the decoration of religious places, it is ready to cooperate with you for the design and execution of mosques, Hosseiniyeh, Imamzadeh, etc.