Painting Traditional Plaster Carving
According to monuments from Sialk period ( 4000 B.C. ) in Kashan, Iranians decorated buildings with paintings consisting of flower and flora. This art was used in many periods such as Ilam, Archaemenid, parthian, Ashkanian And the high peak of this art belongs to the period before Islam ; namely, Sasanian in which they used all colors. After Islam, this process contained in the period of Ilkhani and Teymouri. During Safavid dynasty, a new method of decorative plaster carving with small relief protrusions called Koshtebori and painting on it were created. And after this period, since Zandiyeh and Ghajar period until now, this method has been used. In the Ghajar period, a new painting style was created by combining Iranian art and European art which is unique in its style.
The painter prepares different colors by using the main colors; that is, red, blue, yellow, black and white, and does plaster curving as follows :
1_painting plaster working : There are two ways for painting this sort of placer working : first, the artist makes a spectrum of one color for painting, and sets it from dark to light or vice versa carefully.
The second method is like the above_mentioned method, but there is one difference; that is, the artist use another kind of paint brush to paint the plaster from dark color to light. For example, for painting a rose leaf, he spreads dark red to pink from center to corner of the rose.
2_painting traditional plaster carving : There are four methods in this kind of plaster painting as follows :
a) Chini Sazi : in this style, external corner of a design is painted with a golden color with a delicate paint brush.
b) Effacing work ( London Sazi ): in this method, all designs are shaded and polished with a special brush.
c) Primitive work ( Kohne kari ) : in this method, the artist prepares the design and spreads the main color on its surface. Then, he cleans the surface with a piece of cloth immediately so that the remaining color in holes of design makes it beautiful.
d) Gold work : in this style, whole relief design is decorated and painted with gold, silver or copper sheets.