Moqrans design is a type of decoration with depressions and projections that are regularly falling in the form of stalactites. that this type of architectural decoration is a kind of volumetric decoration. Professor Matifi Fard will explain to you about the Moqrans design.
Muqrans is a type of geometric patterns and knots of Chinese architecture and Islamic art and three dimensional visualization. Muqrans is similar to the banding that is used in mosque design (inside the dome and inside the altars).
What is Muqrans Kari?
In the 5th and 6th centuries of Hijri, the architecture of the tombs was first done, and they were built in the form of towers with mausoleums and similar ones. The architecture of these buildings is characterized by a cone-shaped dome similar to Qaboos dome, Rozget Tower or Rasket Tower, Lahim Tower, Fargan Tower, Kashan Gate’s cone-shaped tombs. It is known from examples of architectural history during the Seljuq dynasty.
What are the merits of Moqrans in a project?
Moqrans have the form of Islamic designs and they are mostly used in places that are Islamic and mystical.
Types of muqrans:
Moqrans has come forward
Muqrans are said to be the materials of the building itself and without plastering and brickwork at the end of the exterior surfaces of the building, it provides strength in a cosmetic way. In the domes and the quadrangle of the dome, it is in the form of Goshfil Rasbandi and Yazdi. Bandi is used. Inside the Yazdi dome, bandi and rasbandi are painted and painted.
Muqrans are placed on top of each other
Muqrans are added to annexed buildings by using main materials, such as plaster, brick and stone, and are built on the inside and outside levels of the building.
As its name suggests, this type of moqrans is similar to a bee’s nest, which are placed on top of each other like small beehives and are similar to suspended moqrans.
It is similar to limestone prisms hanging in stalactites or caves, and mostly inside buildings, they are formed by gluing different materials, including plaster, pottery, tiles, and the like, to the concave surfaces inside the buildings, and these types of moqrans seem to hang and have less stability. are.
Yazdi bandi is similar to train bandi, but the thickness of Yazdi bandi is less than train bandi.
Miss the network
The lines of Shir and Shekar are around the round niches, and the periods of the seven and five niches are the lines of Qajar Bashir and Shekar paintings. The openness and narrowness of the hollow in its design gives a special beauty and glory to the architectural spaces.
This type of decoration, which was mostly used in the Safavid period and became famous with the names of prominent buildings such as Ali Qapu and Sheikh Safiuddin Ardabili, has the ability to create a unique beauty and effect in architectural spaces. For example, you can see beautiful examples of tangberis of the Safavid period in the plaster muqrans of the 6th floor of Ali Qapu Palace. The purpose of artistic decorations is to express beauty and reduce difficulties in people’s lives. Applied arts such as handicrafts also have high potential in this field and are effective in creating architectural beauty. In order to create beautiful decorations in accordance with the requirements and social realities of today, the ability to match the historical and cultural spirit of traditional arts with the modern requirements of life is required.
What is a train?
Trains are formed in the dome, and trains are made in the mihrab, in the corners of the dome, on the edge of the mosque halls and around the edge of the mosque itself. Modules in architecture are divided into smaller parts and independent modules It refers to each other. Trainability is applied to software architecture, organizational design, and even hardware architecture. The main goal of trainability is to increase the reliability and reusability of the structure and components of the system. In software architecture, trainability refers to system design using independent and modular modules to separate its different parts.
This method can bring benefits such as increasing developability, reducing complexity, ease of maintenance and testing, increasing reusability and maintaining system security. Stacking is also used in hardware architecture as a method to isolate system components and increase its development and repair capability. In organizational design, train-making can be used as a method to divide the organization into different departments and separate tasks and responsibilities from each other.
How many types of train are there?
It has both the shape of a star and the sun inside the dome, which has the shape of a knot, which is also called Yazdi bandi. In the niches of the old rooms, train bandi has also been implemented.
It is used for the edges around the roofs of mosques and imamzadeh halls.
Root module in an architecture architecture refers to a module that acts as a port for all system modules and dependencies. The vertex is used as the starting point for structuring and designing the train, and all modules and dependencies are hierarchically dependent on it. A vertex should be chosen to provide the best extensibility, reusability, accessibility, and manageability for all system modules and dependencies. Also, the header should be accessible to all system modules and correctly depend on them.
In the design of software systems, the vertex is usually considered as the main module on which all the dependencies of the system depend. This module usually serves as the main axis of the system and the starting point for the pedestrian
Z and the development of the train is selected. In hardware architecture, the headend is usually considered as the main and central module on which all system components depend.
In general, the vertex in architecture stacking is known as the starting and central point for all modules and dependencies, which provides the best development and management capabilities for the system.
What is the difference between Ras Bandi and Yazdi Bandi?
If Shamse, Tanure and Tas are made, they are repeated and placed one after the other and arranged in a train. This is the reason why it shows the 5th and 7th arches of the dome and the Islamic knot.