What is plaster? Iranian architecture and mosque design is an art related to architecture. It is done by creating simple carvings on plaster and can transform the interior decoration of the house. Plastering and plastering in Iran in different historical periods along with There have been some differences, and plaster is mixed with water due to its adhesive properties and desirable colors and plasticity, and in some places, color powder is used.
In the olden days, Master Motifi Ferd used vegetable colors for the work field combined with plaster. Chehelstun of Isfahan and Ali Qapu were places where plaster with vegetable color was used.
What are the new powder colors?
There are new powder colors such as mashi color, azure color, ikhra color, and Umra color in paint stores. These types of colors are combined with plaster and used in the field of traditional plastering.
What is traditional canvas paint?
In the Ferdows Garden, which was done by the master Akbar Motifi Fard during the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, he did this type of plastering with charcoal powder.
How to prepare restoration plaster with charcoal powder?
In the traditional canvas, charcoal powder is first softened and mixed with plaster and used for plastering.
Is traditional stucco more popular or modern and classic stucco?
At present, modern and classic plastering are mostly used, according to the above text, they use vegetable plasters, azure, ochra, Umra and mashi flower colors, and the colors for the plastering are made in combination.
Where are Iranian plasters used the most?
Iranian stucco is mostly used in imamzades and mosques and historical houses of Iran.
One of the works of master Akbar Motifi Fard in the field of Iranian stucco is the main hall of Imamzade Abu al-Abbas (Khorasgan Square, Isfahan), where in this imamzade is the work of train and patterning, the work of knotting Islamic motifs, writing verses around the dome and around the altar, and paintings on the spire. which is done in Qajar style.
Is plastering done outside the dome or inside the dome?
Plastering work is mostly done inside the dome. Outside the dome, because they have endurance against rain and snow, they do tile work.
What kind of designs are implemented under a dome?
Under a dome, a train, drawing, Islamic knot is done with plastering and mirror work.
Among the examples of master Akbar Motifi Fard’s works in modern plastering, one can visit Ferdows Garden located in Shamran, the house of Javad Shahrashtani, the Minister of Roads and Transport during the time of Mohammad Reza Shah, which is currently the Iraqi Embassy, as well as the hall of the Imam Reza Museum and the Shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh, which has both modern plastering and verse writing.